Human Microbiome: Resources

The theory of disappearing microbiota and the epidemic of chronic diseases.

Expanding the Role of the Virome: Commensalism in the Gut

  1. Ken Cadwell
  1. Kimmel Center for Biology and Medicine at the Skirball Institute, Department of Microbiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
  1. J. Pfeiffer, Editor
+Author Affiliations


Viruses affect host physiology beyond causing acute disease, thereby giving rise to the concept that the virome is a component of the microbiome. However, the role of the enteric virome is understudied relative to the fast-paced research examining commensal bacteria in the intestine. In this article, I discuss our recent work on murine norovirus indicating that an animal virus in the intestine can provide many of the signals to the host that have been attributed to commensal bacteria. Our findings suggest that the surge in microbiome research should incorporate examination of the enteric virome.

Gut microbiota - architects of small intestinal capillaries.

Khandagale A, et al. Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2018.

Stanford study indicates that more than 99 percent of the microbes inside us are unknown to science

A survey of DNA fragments circulating in the blood suggests the microbes living within us are vastly more diverse than previously known. In fact, 99 percent of that DNA has never been seen before.

Intestinal Bacteria Alter Gut and Brain Function